Vaccination is the mainstay of preventative healthcare. Regular vaccination, either every 6 months via the intradermal and subcutaneous routes, or every year by the subcutaneous route alone, is advised.
Spot-on and Fly Strike treatments are advised, given two days apart. Insect control is vital. There are products available that repel and kill biting insects and fleas, preventing the spread of Myxomatosis. Certain treatments don't need the flea to bite in order to be killed by the active treatment, but it can take up to 12 hours to kill fleas, which permits them time to attach and spread Myxomytosis. Environmental control, using insecticides, insect repellents and physical barriers e.g. fine mesh on windows and doors, mosquito netting etc. is helpful, especially at times of the day when they are active e.g. dusk.
Preventing other domestic pets from bringing either wild rabbits, or their fleas, into the home or garden, is important. If they hunt wild rabbits, rabbit fleas may be carried by dogs and cats. They typically line up on the edge of the ears. Domestic pets should be examined, treated, and not allowed near rabbits until it’s certain that there are no fleas present.
Cleaning an environment (shed/hutch/paving/grass) after it's hosted infected rabbits:
Inside fleas, the disease can survive for up to about 4 months and the survival times in the wider environment are much smaller than that. To be sure, however, you should wait a minimum of 4 months before obtaining new rabbits. Although stringent flea control and disinfection should be sufficient to minimise the risk, new infections are still possible from fleas and flying insects that gain access, so ongoing control and vaccination is vital.